US Army Combatives

Glossary of Terms

Achilles tendon
the strong tendon joining the calf muscles to the heel bone.

API
assistant primary instructor.

AR
Army regulation.

brachial plexus
a network of nerves in the armpits, supplying nerves to the chest, shoulders, and arms.

Cardiorespiratory
pertains to the heart and lung system.

carotid artery
the pair of main arteries that supply blood to the brain via the neck.

cervical vertebrae
neck and upper spine bones.

clavicle
collarbone.

common peroneal
having two or more branches and located between the knee and ankle.

cranial
the skull.

DA
Department of the Army.

DSN
defense switched network.

dysfunction
impaired or abnormal function.

femoral nerve
the chief artery in the front part of the inner thigh.

FM
field manual.

FSN
federal stock number.

garrote
strangulation with a rope or wire.

IAW
in accordance with.

LCE
load-carrying equipment.

METL
mission-essential task list.

No
number.

NSN
national stock number.

OIC
officer in charge.

OSUT
one-station unit training.

pectoral muscle
muscles that connect the ventral walls of the chest with the bones of the upper arms and shoulders.

peroneal nerve
a nerve located near the fibula.

PI
primaty instructor.

POI
program(s) of instruction.

PT
physical training.

PVC
polyvinyl chloride

S3
perations and training officer.

sanguineous strangulation
a violent, bloodthirsty strangulation.

sciatic nerves
a pair of large nerves that pass out of the pelvis and down the back of the thigh.

solar plexus
the pit of the stomach.

stellate ganglion
a star-shaped mass of nerve tissue external to the brain or spinal cord.

subclavian artery
part of the main artery of the arm or forelimb.

suprascapular nerve
a nerve on top of the shoulder.

TC
training circular.

trachea
the main trunk of the system of tubes by which air passes to and from the lungs.

trapezius
a large, flat, triangular muscle on each side of the back.

TSC
Ttaining Support Center.

US
United States.

vagus nerve
cranial nerves that supply the heart and lungs with sensory and motor fibers.


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