2-2. SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
To prevent injuries, the instructor must consider the following safety precautions before conducting combative training.
- a. Supervise all practical work closely and constantly. Never leave a group unsupervised.
- b. Familiarize the soldiers with each maneuver by a complete explanation and demonstration before they try the moves.
- c. Do not allow the soldiers to get ahead of the instruction.
- d. Ensure the training partner offers no resistance, but allows the maneuver to be freely executed during the learning stages and while perfecting the techniques.
- e. Ensure there is adequate space between soldiers during all practical workâ€”for example, allow at least an 8-foot square for each pair of soldiers.
- f. Ensure that soldiers empty their pockets, and remove their jewelry, identification tags, and glasses before training.
- g. Stress that only simulated strikes to vital points, such as the head, neck, and groin area, are executed. Soldiers may use light blows to other vulnerable areas; however, they must exercise caution at all times.
- h. Establish a signal to indicate to the partner when to stop the pressure in grappling and choking techniques. Two handclaps or tapping the training partner with a free hand are examples.
- i. Make sure soldiers warmup and stretch properly before practical work.
- j. Teach and practice falls before conducting throws.
- k. Ensure protective eye wear is available when executing training with practice bayonets, knives, or any sharp weapons.
- l. Ensure that the soldier to be disarmed does not place his finger in the trigger guard during rifle and bayonet disarming.
- m. Make sure soldiers keep scabbards on knives and bayonets firmly attached to rifles while learning bayonet disarming methods.
- n. Use bayonet scabbards or rubber knives during knife disarming training.
- o. Inspect all sandbags on retaining walls before conduct of instruction so that all bags are serviceable with at least 75 percent fill and that entire retainer wall is covered with sandbags. Any bag placed where personnel are likely to fall will be filled with the same consistency filler as the sawdust in the pit and will also provide a minimum of 6 inches of sawdust.
- p. Maintain a buffer zone of 6 feet from retainer wall and demonstration area during all training, especially training requiring throws and takedowns by students.
- q. Rake the training pit to loosen sawdust and remove all sharp objects. Properly inspect the pit so that all safety hazards are removed before instruction/demonstrations are executed.
- r. Perform inspections on training pits two days before use to ensure that there is at least 6 inches of sawdust throughout the training pit area. This will allow time to acquire sawdust to resurface pit area if there is not 6 inches of surface sawdust.
Section II UNIT TRAINING
Although combative are not likely to become part of a unit’s mission-essential task list, commanders cannot overlook the importance of soldiers’ skills in hand-to-hand combat. Hand-to-hand fighting is a possibility in any conflict, and a basic proficiency in combative may save soldiers’ lives. Entry-level soldiers receive a training base in combative during basic training and in OSUT. Advanced individual training commanders should consider using hand-to-hand combat as part of the physical training program. They should review the training presented during basic training and, as time permits, expand into the more advanced techniques discussed in this field manual. Regular units must incorporate combative into an organized training program for soldiers to achieve and sustain proficiency levels.
WHEN PLANNING COMBATIVES TRAINING, INSTRUCTORS MUST TAKE PRECAUTIONS ACCORDING TO THE TIME OF DAY SEASON, AND ACCLIMATIZATION OF SOLDIERS. THEY MUST ALSO CONSIDER MODIFICATION OF THE UNIFORM, BREAK TIMES, AND OR THE AVAILABILITY OF WATER.